Spectrum of Oral Lesions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital
Background: Oral Lesions are increasingly reported in literature now a days.
Objective: To determine the spectrum of oral lesions reporting at tertiary care hospital in Lahore.
Methodology: This study was conducted in the department of Pathology, University of Lahore teaching hospital from March 2018 to March 2019. It was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Study duration was 1-year and total 34 cases were included in the study. For categorical data frequencies and percentages were calculated and data was presented in tables, bar and pie charts. Microphotographs were also illustrated.
Results: A total number of 34 cases of oral lesions, were included in the present study. Age ranged from 8 years to 76 years with a mean of 30.39 years. Out of total 34 cases, 16 (47.06%) were females and 18 (52.94%) were males. Female to male ratio was 0.8:1. In patients above 25 years of age, 6 (17.6%) were neoplastic and 28 (82.4%) were non-neoplastic. Out of 6 neoplastic lesions, 5 (83.3%) were in males and 1 (16.6%) was in female. The sites of involvement of various lesions included buccal mucosa 12 (35%), followed by mandible 11 (33.3%), lip 3 (8.8%), palate 3 (8.8%) and maxilla 5 (14.7%).
Conclusion: Benign lesions are more common and malignant lesions are only found in older patients with squamous cell carcinoma the commonest oral lesion noted in this study. Histopathological typing and differentiation of neoplastic from non-neoplastic lesions is mandatory for the proper management of patients.